India is the second-largest internet user but as per my humble thought and opinion people of India does not have that much maturity, enough to tackle fake news.
Bivas Chatterjee Special Public Prosecutor in Cyber Law & Electronic Evidence, BITCOIN CERTIFIED has interacted with Daily News India Reporter Priti Singh and shares all the details of today’s concern issue of cyber security.
Q. Nowadays, what are the biggest cybersecurity threats that affect common people?
Bivas Chatterjee – Recently, the kind of fear of cybersecurity has risen is because of a pandemic. During the first and second waves of COVID-19, people were more dependent on the virtual world. So in many cases or day-to-day utility sector, we have no other option except depending on a virtual world. Millions of people in India do not know how to handle their precious information about all the tech and application. So in that perspective, they have been forced to use virtual media because of the existence of pandemics. This is the only reason that helps criminals to commit white-collar crime proportionately in a more robust way. Actually, before the COVID attack, there was a crime but now in a larger proposition.
Last year around March-April, Interpol has come with a report, that the phenomenon of cybercrimes has increased in manyfold and the type of crime will be more on infrastructure attack, health product, or health instrument product. Come to the next part, the ransomware attacks in which bitcoin and cryptocurrencies are in use but now-a-days there is huge changes seen in this type of attack. The second is crypto-jacking where your devices and machines will be used in mining cryptocurrency. Crypto-jacking is also the point of concern nowadays.
Q. Right now, you talked about an exchange of devices, Is there any solution people come to know that their machine been used in another device?
Bivas Chatterjee – Yes, your laptop will be heated and all sorts of hassle which is there when a machine is in use in mining cryptocurrency and thus your machine will be subjected to the same thing. Another thing is that miners are making money secretly by selling cryptocurrency, as recently one bitcoin was equivalent to around 40 Lakhs. People are obsessed with making money and become rich, but there is no control by any lawful agency and everything is decentralised.
We have another type of crime record, that is crime against women and children, especially the children if any of the parents dies out of Covid and especially minor girls, they might be subjected to unlawful or forced marriage. We are also apprehensive of increase trafficking in the wake of dismal economic situation.
Now the next attack is of IoT (Internet of Things).It was predicted by the expert that in coming days more than 20 billion IoT is going to control the entire world. It is a sort of mini device, giving any sort of utilities. It may be a sensor or it may be anything. As per my opinion the privacy system of IOT is not good and IOT can be attacked anytime and privacy breaches may result.
Another serious issue is Social Engineering as it is increasing nowadays. Suppose a link has been sent to somebody and when they clicked the link sent to them by the fraudsters and consequently his or her bank account is hacked and there are cases where a victim also been asked to download a mobile application which noting but a remote control sort of application in which your entire mobile and all your activities are under the surveillance of the fraudsters and such as a victim is told to make a small online transaction with the help of that, hacker receive all the details including pin and password of bank accounts. There after the fraudsters use those information to hack our systems.
Q. What percentage of Cybercrime has increased in the past 5 years?
Bivas Chatterjee – Estimated Cybercrime cases registered in 2016, that is 5 years ago, approximately 10,000 cases were recorded and now as per the more authentic data that is National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data, number of registered cases in the year 2019 is 44,536. If you compare the 5 years the cases have increased four-five times almost. Now you have to think that probably out of all the cybercrimes happening, it is only two to three percent cases been reported to the Police Station and 98% cases are remains unreported. If unreported cases can be taken, then I think approx lakhs of cases are there. Another important thing as per the NCRB data the highest rate of cybercrime reported in Karnataka, then Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Telangana, Assam.
Q. Will, you like to elaborate on how people should tackle fake news, how they will know that this is fake news?
Bivas Chatterjee:- India is the second-largest internet user but as per my humble thought and opinion people of India does not have enough maturity to tackle or handle the fake news because what exactly happening is that people should first verify the news then they should act upon, but instead of doing that they first share the news then they recognize the factor. Forwarding everything without verifying is actually very dangerous. There are series of WhatsApp hacking going in India, just today only. My humble request to the entire nation is that not to act indiscriminating on unverified news or depending on news that was published anywhere, first don’t be panic, must have the patience to varify news, need to think, and take time to understand and cross check the news then act upon.
Q. Sir, how those uneducated will understand that this fake news or not?
Bivas Chatterjee:- That is why I am saying people are uneducated in two perspectives general ill iteration and second is internet illiterate. People need to understand not everything is real; The majority of data in the internet has been fake or it conveys fake identity that has to be kept in a mind.
Q. What are criminal charges for user abuse or threat on social media platforms like many people use fake account to do the same?
Bivas Chatterjee- Social media can be used in many ways by different types of criminals such as it can be used for stalking, for defame a person, or it can be used to assassinate the character of a person. All these cases have different sections to deal with. If someone is stalking somebody, the punishment of 1 to 3 years jail is there and if we apply the Information Technology Act in case Pornographic materials was found, there will be 3 to 5 years imprisonment and also have to pay Rupees 5 to 7 lakh as fine.
Q. How to make a strong password so that any social media profile not get hacked?
Bivas Chatterjee- The best thing you can do change the password whenever you get time, use a mixed password and try to use special characters so it becomes difficult to crack. However, avoid phone numbers and dictionary words because that is the easiest way to hack. Everyone must know about the robust password security policy and remember don’t use the date of birth, any numerical password.
Q. If someone has a doubt that their social media profile is been hacked what is a process they should follow?
Bivas Chatterjee- If someone has a doubt then without any fear and wasting any time the first process is lodging a report in local or nearby police station.
By : Priti